SEA-Mozambique (‘Sustainable Energy Access’) is a research project funded by the Sustainable Development Programme of the British Academy. SEA-Mozambique examines the multiple challenges that affect energy access in Mozambique. Mozambique faces some of the worse level of energy access in the World. According to the World Bank, only 21% of the population in Mozambique has access to electricity and less than 5% can access clean and sustainable fuels. Lack of access to energy has direct consequences for people’s lives, livelihoods and the economy of the country as a whole.


SEA-Mozambique studies energy access as a multidimensional challenge with processes at different scales:

  • First, energy access depends on the territorial distribution of energy networks and physical access to fuels. This is determined historically, in relation to a prevalent gap on infrastructure provision.

  • Second, energy access depends on the political economy of resource access, and the extent to which resources can be captured to benefit local populations.

  • Third, energy access depends on the dynamics of everyday service provision, and the extent to which people can navigate the difficulties in accessing electricity and fuel.

The intersections between these three challenges are often visible in urban areas undergoing rapid change. By understanding energy access as a multi-dimensional challenge, we seek to open up alternatives for energy access elsewhere in the country.



Research Process

These aims were addressed using mixed-methods including ethnographic, institutional analysis, discursive analysis, and participatory approaches. The research collaborated with numerous partners within Mozambique with the aim of taking a co-productive approach to knowledge creation.


Key methods included:

  • Interview survey of 62 respondents in Maputo (July to October 2017).

  • Household survey of 100 respondents across 3 different cities (2017).

  • Participant-observation and semi-structured interviews with EDM Staff (April 2017).

  • Key Informant Interviews with political-economy actors in Maputo and Beira (August 2017).

  • Sector reports of infrastructure-services in Maputo (March to October 2017).

  • Key stakeholder presentations and workshops (June 2017).


For more detailed information about the project please consult the following links..