Access to Fuels

For some time, there has been ever growing expectations about the possibility for Maputo to undergo a transition towards cleaner fuels. Over three quarters of the city depend on charcoal to meet their daily needs of energy for cooking and heating water. As prizes of charcoal go up, alternative means of supplying cooking needs. Energy experts in Maputo, for example, have long talked of the shift to gas, specially Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) which is provided in canisters to remote areas in the city. LPG, however, has not been widely adopted. Our research shows that the fuel transition in Maputo is complex. For example, 85% of Maputo’s residents practice fuel stacking (the concurrent use of multiple fuels); this deepens fuel security, provides people with autonomy (of choice), and meets a wide-range of spatial-cultural needs.


Understanding the dynamics of fuel transitions in Maputo can help to understand how to improve access to fuels in the rest of the country because Maputo provides many opportunities to experiment with alternative means of access and different policy initiatives. We combine an ethnographic approach with different forms of collaboration with municipal planners and local organising groups in neighbourhoods.

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The difficulties of fuel transitions in Maputo

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Report on methods/findings concerning fuel access in Maputo [Opens as PDF]

Article written by Vanesa Castán Broto concerning energy landscapes, see here:

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For previous work by Vanesa Castán Broto with Practical Action concerning fuel access, see here:

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